More than 175,000 children who go online for the first time every day face grave risks of sexual exploitation, cyberbullying, and misuse of private information, the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) said Tuesday.
"Every day, thousands of children are going online for the first time, which opens them up to a flood of dangers we are just coming to appreciate, let alone address," said Laurence Chandy, UNICEF Director of Data, Research and Policy.
"While governments and the private sector have made some progress in formulating policies and approaches to eliminate the most egregious online risks, more effort must be made to fully understand and protect children’s online lives," Chandy said in a statement.
According to UNICEF's report "The State of the World’s Children 2017: Children in a digital world," one in three internet users worldwide is a child.
But the agency said that "too little is done to protect them from the perils of the digital world, to safeguard the trail of information their online activities create, and to increase their access to safe and quality online content."
UNICEF urged governments, civil society, international children’s organizations, and the private sector to put children at the center of digital policy.
Here are five critical priority actions outlined by UNICEF:
1. Coordinating global, regional and national response.
We must deepen collaboration between policy makers, law enforcement, and the technology industry to embed principles of safety in the design of technology, and to work together to find solutions to keep pace with digital technology that can enable and conceal illegal trafficking and other online child sexual abuse.
2. Safeguarding children’s privacy.
We need a much greater commitment by the private sector and government to protect and not misuse children’s data and to respect its encryption; the full application of international standards in collecting and using data about children online; and to teach children how to protect themselves from threats to their own privacy.
3. Empowering children online through more equitable access and digital literacy.
Children must be taught how to keep themselves informed, engaged and safe online, including through greater collaboration between governments and technologists to develop ICT platforms and curricula from primary school through high school; supporting online libraries and expanding the capacity of public libraries to teach digital skills; investing in teacher training in digital technology; teaching children how to recognize and protect themselves from online dangers and misinformation; and making digital citizenship a core component of digital literacy instruction.
4. Leveraging the unique role of the private sector.
There is an urgent need for the establishment and enforcement of industry wide ethical standards on data and privacy that protect and benefit children online, including ethical product development and marketing that mitigates risks to children.
5. Investing in better evidence about access, opportunities and risks for children online.
We need better evidence about children’s access and activities online, so we can leverage this evidence for regulatory frameworks and policies that recognize the distinct needs and rights of children; strengthen coordination and knowledge sharing at the global level to address the challenges of a digital world; deepen collaboration with children’s organizations; and engage more systematically with policymakers and lawmakers.
"In the time it takes to click on a link, a child somewhere begins creating a digital trail which those not necessarily considering the child’s best interest can follow and potentially exploit," said Chandy.
"As younger and younger children join the Internet, the need to have a serious discussion about how to keep them safe online and secure their digital footprint becomes increasingly urgent," she added.